03.06.22 A.D. 18 – 36/37 Josephus bar Caiaphas Appointed High Priest
The Roman Prefect Valerius Gratus appointed Josephus bar Caiaphas to the highest position in Judaism – high priest in the temple. However while Caiaphas, the son-in-law of Annas (Jn. 18:13), held the priestly title, Annas was still considered influential in religious matters because the position was as much of a social honor as an official office, even after retirement. Like Annas, Caiaphas was known for his extensive commercial interests and profiteering. The fact that Caiaphas was replaced shortly after the removal of Pontius Pilate was no accident. A change of rulership often brought with it a change in priesthood. Jesus lived at a time when corruption in the temple was at its worst in Jewish history.
. Neusner and Green, eds., Dictionary of Judaism. 110.
. Wilson, The False Trials. 26-27.