02.02.09 Gemarah. The Gemerah, a/k/a Gemara, is the section of the Babylonian Talmud that explains the Mishnah (Oral Law or Tradition of the Elders, i.e. Mt 15:1-2) and exists in two versions authored by two rabbinic schools: one in Jerusalem and the other in Babylon. Each wrote independently of the other. The result is that the Mishnah and Babylonian Gemarah together form the Babylonian Talmud, and the Mishnah and Jerusalem Gemarah together form the Jerusalem Talmud. While the Gemarah is a commentary of the Mishnah, this writer believes the Mishnah is the book of greater value for biblical studies (see 02.02.16).
. See the video by Messianic Rabbi John Fischer, Ph.D., Th.D. at 02.02.16.V.