03.05.20 47 B.C. Antipater Procurator of Judaea
Antipater replaced Hyrcanus II as ruler, but received the title of “procurator.” Antipater then placed his son Herod (later called “the Great”) in military command of Judaea/Israel. The term “instability” could hardly begin to describe the political tensions as the region was in political chaos with constant fears of a Parthian invasion from the east. The Jewish region was filled with active bands of robbers to attacked travelers, and Galilee, especially, was filled with freedom fighters. Herod was determined to prove himself worthy of the assignment to bring law and order to the region.