02.01.09 Hasidim. Also known as Hassidim, or Hassideans, they were an orthodox Jewish group that became popular in the third century B.C. This was a reactionary group that stood up to the growing influential Greek culture (Hellenism) and their primary focus was to bring a revival to the Jewish people so that they would return to their orthodox faith; their goal was the purification of their faith. The name means pious ones and it is believed that the founders of this group also formed the religious nucleus of the Maccabean Revolt, the Essene movement, and the Pharisees. Some scholars believe that the Hasidim were probably the religious group that was the closest to biblical Judaism. But by the first century A.D., they had become nearly extinct.
. Cate, A History of the New Testament and its Times. 75.
. Safrai, “The Jewish Cultural Nature of Galilee in the Frist Century.” 180.
. House, Chronological and Background Charts of the New Testament. 73.